Fines and other penalties
Updated 27 May 2015
Words you may need to know
Fine - this is a sum of money you have to pay for doing something that is against the law. It can be given by anyone with the legal right to do so.
Penalty - is a punishment for a crime. It might be a fine, but it might be for instance penalty points on a driving licence.
Offence - when you break the law, you commit an offence. An offence is then punished by penalties, fines or prison.
Urinating - going to the toilet or passing urine
Public place - anywhere that other people are able to go
Disorderly - being silly and making a nuisance of yourself
Breach of the peace - causing noise and upsetting others. It can also be caused by fighting as long as others not involved are not put in fear as it then becomes an affray.
Common assault - this does not mean that you have actually hit someone, someone in fear of being harmed is enough to be considered an assault.
Grave and Criminal assault - this is a serious offence and it depends on what has actually happened as to what the penalty might be.
Exclusion - not allowed to go in
Community service - you are told you must carry out work for free in the community. The Probation service organise this and you might have to clear footpaths, work for a charity or do other work within your capability. If you do not do it , you will be sent back to court and a stricter penalty will be given.
Licensed premises - are anywhere that sells alcohol
Contempt of court - not treating the court with respect and/ or going against the courts wishes
Scale of fines
Fines given in the Courts in Jersey are stated in the Criminal Justice (Standard Scale of Fines) [Jersey] Law 1993, which says what levels of fines should be. Depending on how bad the offence is, that will have a maximum fine that can be given.
Level one offence
Level two offence
Level three offence
Level four offence
Many offences under criminal law or Road Traffic Law are tied to these levels, and so it is possible to know what the most a penalty is likely to be.
If you get a roadside parking offence which is brought to Court you will likely be fined a minimum of £70 up to a maximum of £100 depending on what part of the law you have broken.
Depending on the offence and how serious it is, fines can be given to anyone who breaks the law. Examples are, Urinating in a public place which carries a maximum of £500 fine
and Causing a breach of the peace which carries a maximum of £5,000 fine. There may however be reasons why these penalties are reduced. This is called " mitigating circumstances".
Some offences such as Grave and criminal assault has no fine, instead a community service, probation or prison sentence is likely to be given.
Exclusion from licenced premises
The Magistrate has said that anyone who behaves badly in public and who uses or may use violence could be stopped or banned from going into licenced premises for up to two years as well as having to pay a fine. If a person who is banned does enter licenced premises it would be what is called in contempt of court and it is likely they would be sent to prison.
For an order banning someone from licenced premises to be given, it is not necessary for the offence to have taken place on licenced premises, nor does the alcohol need to have been drunk on licenced premises, all that is necessary is for the offence to have taken place after alcohol has been drunk.